The Penal Code of Singapore [1] sets out general principles of the criminal law of Singapore , as well as the elements and penalties of general criminal offences such as assault , criminal intimidation , mischief , grievous hurt , theft , extortion , sex crimes and cheating. For most of the 19th century the criminal law which applied in the Straits Settlements comprising Prince of Wales' Island Penang , Singapore and Malacca was that of the United Kingdom , insofar as local circumstances permitted. There was little doubt that at the time English common law crimes were recognized in these territories. However, due to problems such as doubts as to the applicability of Indian Acts, in the Straits Settlements Penal Code [7] was enacted. It came into operation on 16 September

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The Indian Penal Code, Disclaimer: Updating and uploading of all Central Acts available on this web page is the proprietary of the Legislative Department in the Ministry of Law and Justice. The updating and uploading of Rules, Regulations, Notifications, etc. Title Files. Year Description Files. Section 1.

Title and extent of operation of the Code. Section 2. Punishment of offences committed within India. Section 3. Punishment of offences committed beyond, but which by law may be tried within, India. Section 4. Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences.

Section 5. Certain laws not to be affected by this Act. Section 6. Definitions in the Code to be understood subject to exceptions. Section 7. Sense of expression once explained. Section 8. Section 9. Section Property in possession of wife, clerk or servant. Section 29A. Words referring to acts include illegal omissions. Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention.

When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention. Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission.

Co-operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence. Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offences. Section 52A. Section 53A. Construction of reference to transportation. Commutation of sentence of death. Commutation of sentence of imprisonment for life. Section 55A. Definition of "appropriate Government". Fractions of terms of punishment. Sentence may be in certain cases of imprisonment wholly or partly rigorous of simple.

Amount of fine. Sentence of imprisonment for non-payment of fine. Limit to imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when imprisonment and fine awardable. Description of imprisonment for non-payment of fine.

Imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when offence punishable with fine only. Imprisonment to terminate on payment of fine. Termination of imprisonment on payment of proportional part of fine. Fine leviable within six years, of during imprisonment. Death not to discharge property from liability. Limit of punishment of offence made up of several offences. Punishment of person guilty of one of several offences, the judgment stating that is doubtful of which. Solitary confinement. Limit of solitary confinement.

Act done by a person bound, or by mistake of fact believing himself bound, by law. Act of Judge when acting judicially. Act done pursuant to the judgment or order of Court. Act done by a person justified, or by mistake of fact believing himself justified, by law. Accident in doing a lawful act. Act likely to cause harm, but done without criminal intent, and to prevent other harm.

Act of a child under seven years of age. Act of a child above seven and under twelve of immature understanding. Act of a person of unsound mind. Act of a person incapable of judgment by reason of intoxication caused against his will. Offence requiring a particular intent or knowledge committed by one who is intoxicated. Act not intended and not known to be likely to cause death or grievous hurt, done by consent.

Act not intended to cause death, done by consent in good faith for person's benefit. Act done in good faith for benefit of child or insane person, by or by consent of guardian. Consent known to be given under fear or misconception. Exclusion of acts which are offences independently of harm caused. Act done in good faith for benefit of a person without consent. Communication made in good faith. Act to which a person is compelled by threats. Act causing slight harm. Things done in private defence.

Right of private defence of the body and of property. Right of private defence against the act of a person of unsound mind. Acts against which there is no right of private defence. When the right of private defence of the body extends to causing death.

When such right extends to causing any harm other than death. Commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of the body. When the right of private defence of property extends to causing death. Commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of property. Right of private defence against deadly assault when there is risk of harm to innocent person.

Abetment of a thing. Section A. Abetment in Indian of offences outside India. Punishment of abetment if the act abetted is committed in consequence and when no express provision is made for its punishment.

Punishment of abetment if person abetted does act with different intention from that of abettor. Liability of abettor when one act abetted and different act done. Abettor when liable to cumulative punishment for act abetted and for act done. Liability of abettor for an effect caused by the act abetted different from that intended by the abettor. Abettor present when offence is committed. Abetment of offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life.

Abetment of offence punishable with imprisonment. Abetting commission of offence by the public or by more than ten persons. Concealing design to commit offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life. Public servant concealing design to commit offence which it is his duty to prevent. Concealing design to commit offence punishable with imprisonment.

Definition of criminal conspiracy. Section B.


Law adopted from 1860 Indian Penal Code

A district judge yesterday explained why the law referring to "insulting modesty'' is applied only to women. District Judge Kenneth Yap said that Parliament had adopted the relevant section on "insulting modesty" from the Indian Penal Code of in its original form, which referred specifically to women. It was in this context that he rejected a prosecution call for a six-month jail term for Teo Han Jern, 27, who had stealthily taken videos of men, some in sexual positions. He said the disparity in the treatment of men was intentional as there is a separate Penal Code provision on outrage of modesty which applies to both men and women. Legal sources believe the divide in such a gender-specific offence is less pronounced in other countries where laws were updated. Professor A.


Penal Code (Singapore)






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