Two years after the publication of the volume Sede Apostolic Vacante. The present volume has kept the same title as its predecessor, but has changed the subtitle to Events and Celebrations, April This new subtitle clearly indicates the reason for the new edition: it is meant to enhance the earlier text by adding further documentation and a description of the events and celebrations which took place in Rome at the time of the vacancy of the Apostolic See in April The first edition of Sede Apostolica Vacante shed light on the meaning and importance of the books Ordo Exsequiarum Romani Pontificis and Ordo Rituum Conclavis before they were actually used.

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In late February, Msgr. Guido Marini, master of papal liturgical ceremonies, told Catholic News Service the text would not undergo any significant modifications. The book was prepared by Msgr. The page book with prayers in Latin and an Italian translation begins by noting that the election of a pope "is prepared for and takes place with liturgical actions and constant prayer.

Peter's Basilica will be known only once the cardinals decide when to start the conclave. The Ordo calls for the Mass to begin with the antiphon from the Book of Samuel, "I will choose a faithful priest who shall do what I have in heart and mind.

Because it was written to cover the normal circumstances of a papal transition, the prayers of the faithful include a request that God grant eternal rest to the soul of the deceased pontiff. The Mass for the election of the pope is the only rite in the book to be celebrated publicly before the new pope is presented to the world.

The Ordo assumes the Mass will be celebrated in the morning and that the cardinals would gather again in the late afternoon in the newly restored Pauline Chapel of the Apostolic Palace. Italian Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re, standing in for the year-old Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the college, will tell the cardinals: "After having celebrated the divine mysteries, we now enter into conclave to elect the Roman pontiff. The whole church, united with us in prayer, invokes the grace of the Holy Spirit so that we elect a worthy pastor of the entire flock of Christ.

When everyone is in place, the cardinals chant the ancient invocation of the Holy Spirit, "Veni, Creator Spiritus. When the last cardinal has placed his hand on the Book of the Gospels and sworn the oath, Msgr. Marini, as master of ceremonies, says: "Extra omnes," ordering all those not directly involved in the conclave out of the Sistine Chapel.

The only one who will remain will be the churchman the cardinals choose to lead them in a reflection on their responsibilities in electing a new pope. After the meditation, the preacher and Msgr. Marini will leave the chapel. Each day, the cardinals are to recite morning and evening prayer together and to concelebrate Mass.

They are to listen to Scripture and have time for prayer before each ballot is cast and before the ballots are counted. As each cardinal places his vote in the urn, he promises that his vote was cast for the candidate he believes deserves to be elected. Each session ends with a brief prayer of thanksgiving and an invocation to Mary. The newly elected pope will be asked by Cardinal Re, "Do you accept your canonical election as supreme pontiff? The second question asked is: "With what name do you wish to be called?

Immediately after the election, the cardinals are called to pray inside the Sistine Chapel. The liturgy includes a choice of two readings, either from the Gospel of Matthew -- "You are Peter and upon this rock I will build my church" -- or from the Gospel of John where Jesus says to Peter, "Feed my sheep. Peter's Basilica and declares to the public, "Habemus papam" We have a pope.

For the cardinals' prayer choices, the Ordo contains an appendix of pages of texts for Masses with a special focus on the Holy Spirit, the needs of the universal church, Mary, and Sts. Peter and Paul, patrons of the Diocese of Rome. The book also includes five full-length prayers for recitation before each vote and a brief version, as well as songs, including "Tu es Petrus" You are Peter for when the new pope is elected. In addition, there is the text of the "Adsumus" prayer: "We are here before you, O Holy Spirit: We feel the weight of our weaknesses, but we are gathered in your name; come to us, help us, descend in our hearts.

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