CONSTITUTION HAITIENNE DE 1987 PDF

Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. French English. Ensure their inalienable and imprescriptible rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; in conformity with the Act of Independence of and the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man of Implant democracy, which entails ideological pluralism and political rotation and affirm the inviolable rights of the Haitian people. Strengthen national unity by eliminating all discrimination between the urban and rural populations, by accepting the community of languages and culture and by recognizing the right to progress, information, education, health, employment and leisure for all citizens.

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Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. French English. Ensure their inalienable and imprescriptible rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; in conformity with the Act of Independence of and the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man of Implant democracy, which entails ideological pluralism and political rotation and affirm the inviolable rights of the Haitian people.

Strengthen national unity by eliminating all discrimination between the urban and rural populations, by accepting the community of languages and culture and by recognizing the right to progress, information, education, health, employment and leisure for all citizens.

Ensure the separation and the harmonious distribution of the powers of the State at the service of the fundamental interests and priorities of the Nation. Set up a system of government based on fundamental liberties, and the respect for human rights, social peace, economic equity, concerted action and participation of all the people in major decisions affecting the life of a nation, through effective decentralization.

Title I. First Article: Haiti is an indivisible, sovereign, independent, cooperatist, free, democratic and social republic.

First Article The city of Port-au-Prince is the capital and the seat of government. This seat may be moved elsewhere for reasons of force majeure. The coat of arms of the Republic are: a Palette surmounted by the liberty cap, and under the palms a trophy with the legend:. Creole and French are the official languages of the Republic. Effigies and names of living personages may not appear on the currency, stamps, seals, public buildings, streets or works of art.

It is bounded on the east by the Dominican Republic, on the north by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south and west by the Caribbean Sea or Sea of the Antilles;. Continuous residence abroad of a naturalized Haitian without duly granted authorization by a competent official. Anyone who loses his nationality in this manner may not reacquire it. It must formally state the reason in Creole and in French for the arrest or detention and the provision of the law that provides for punishment of the act charged.

Legal notice must be given and a copy of the order must be left with the accused at the time of its execution;. The accursed must be notified of his right to be assisted by counsel at all phases of the investigation of the case up to the final judgment;. Except where the perpetrator of a crime is caught in the act, no arrest by warrant and no search may take place between six 6 p. Responsibility for an offense is personal, and no one may be arrested in the place of another. In the case for more serious offenses or crimes, an appeal may be filed, without prior permission, simply by addressing a petition to the presiding judge of the competent civil court, who, on the basis of the oral statement of the prosecutor, shall rule on the legality of the arrest and detention, in a special session of the court, without postponement or rotation of judges, all other cases being suspended.

Injured parties may, without prior authorization, appeal to the competent courts, to bring suit against the authors and perpetrators of these arbitrary acts, regardless of their rank or the body to which they belong.

In such cases, civil liability extends to the State as well. Such exercise may not be subject to any authorization or censorship, except in the case of war.

However, it is their duty to verify the authenticity and accuracy of information. It is also this obligation to respect the ethics of their profession. It is exercised personally by one or more citizens but never in the name of a body. Everyone is entitled to profess his religion and practice his faith, provided the exercise of that right does not disturb law and order.

They may be established and may carry outh their activities freely. They must respect the principles of national and democratic sovereignty. The law determines the conditions for their recognition and operation, and the advantages and privileges reserved to them. It sees to the physical, intellectual, moral, professional, social and civic training of the population.

They must make schooling available to all, free of charge, and ensure that public and private sector teachers are properly trained. The State shall encourage and facilitate private enterprise in this field. Classroom facilities and teaching materials shall be provided by the State to elementary school students free of charge. This freedom shall be exercised under the control of the State. No police forces may enter them except with the permission of the supervisors of those establishments.

No one may be forced to join a union. Special laws govern the work of minors and servants. The law specifies the manner of acquiring and enjoying it, and the limits placed upon it. If the initial project is abandoned, the expropriation is canceled.

The property may not be subject to any speculation and must be restored to its original owner without any reimbursement for the small holder. No one may be deprived of his legitimate right of ownership other than by a final judgment by a court of ordinary law, except under an agrarian reform.

Uses of property cannot be contrary to the general interest. No one may be deprived for political reasons of his legal capacity and his nationality. In the case of violation by military personnel of regulations in the Manual of Military Justice;.

The fund shall receive contributions from employers and employees, in accordance with the criteria and in the manner established by law. The granting of a pension is a right and not a privilege.

They may be limited only by a well-founded judicial ruling, according to the guarantees by law. Every right is counterbalanced by a corresponding duty. These obligations are:. The terms thereof shall be set by law. They may in no case engage in the business of renting real estate.

However, foreign companies engaged in real estate promotion shall receive the benefits of a special status regulated by law. Electing members of all other bodies or all assemblies provided for by the Constitution and by law.

Article The law may create any other territorial division. They may be re-elected an indefinite number of times. Have resided in the Communal Section for two 2 years before the elections and continue to reside there:. Enjoy civil and political rights and never been sentenced to death, personal restraint or penal servitude or the loss of civil rights.

Each Commune of the Republic is administered by a Council, known as the Municipal Council, of three 3 members elected by universal suffrage. Have never been sentenced to death, personal restraint or penal servitude or the loss of civil rights;.

Have resided at least three 3 years in the Commune and undertake to reside there for the duration of their term. If it is dissolved, the Departmental Council shall immediately fill the vacancy and call upon the Permanent Electoral Council to elect, in sixty 60 days starting from the date the Council is dissolved, a new Council and shall manage the affairs of the Commune for the remainder of the term. This procedure also applies to vacancies occurring for any other reason.

They may not be subject to any transaction without the prior consent of the Municipal Assembly. Its organization and operations are governed by law. It comprises the Arrondissements. Have resided in the Department three 3 years before the elections and undertake to remain there during their term;. Enjoy civil and political rights and have newer been sentenced to death, personal restraint, or penal servitude or the loss of civil rights.

One 1 representative of each socie-professional association or union;. If it is dissolved, the Central Government appoints a Provisional Commission and calls upon the Permanent Electoral Council to elect a new Council for the remainder of the term within sixty 60 days of the dissolution. A Vice Delegate placed under the authority of the Delegate is also appointed in each Arrondissement Capital. Pending application of the above subparagraphs, the number of Deputies may not be fewer than seventy Enjoy civil and political rights and never have been sentenced to death, personal restraint or penal servitude or the loss of civil rights for any crime of ordinary law;.

Have resided at least two 2 consecutive years prior to the date of the elections in the electoral district he is to represent;. The duration of their term comprises a legislative session. The other powers of the House of Deputies are assigned by the Constitution and by law.

When it adjourns, it leaves a permanent, committee charged with handling current business. The committee may not make any decisions, except to convene the Senate. In emergencies, the Executive may also convene the Senate before the end of the adjournment period.

Enjoy civil and political rights and never have been sentenced to death, personal restraint or penal servitude or the loss of civil rights for a crime of ordinary law;. Have resided in the Department he will represent, at least four 4 consecutive years prior to the date of the elections;.

Own at least one 1 real property in the Department and practice a profession or trade there;. To propose to the Executive the list of Supreme Court Cour de Cassation justices according to the provisions of the Constitution;.

To receive the constitutional oath of the President of the Republic;. To ratify any decision to declare war when all efforts at conciliation have failed;.

To amend the Constitution according to the procedure indicated herein;. To ratify decisions of the Executive to move the seat of the Government in cases determined by the first article of this Constitution;. To decide on when a state of siege shall be declared, to order with the Executive that Constitutional guarantees shall be suspended, and to decide on any request to renew that measure;.

To contribute to selecting members of the Permanent Electoral Council, pursuant to article 92 of this Constitution;. However, they may be held in closed session at the request of five 5 members, and the resumption of public sessions shall then be decided by an absolute majority. However, depending on the circumstances, this seat may be transferred elsewhere to the same place and at the same time as that of the Executive Branch.

Each House may meet in closed session at the request of five 5 members, and the decision to resume public meetings shall then be taken by a majority vote. If, at that session, and even in the case of replacement of the Houses no agreement is reached on the law when it is introduced again, each House shall appoint, by taking a vote on a list of an equal number of members, a parliamentary committee to decide on the final text that will be submitted to the two 2 Assemblies, beginning with the one that originally voted on the law.

If these additional deliberations produce no result, the Bill or proposed law will be withdrawn. Sitting as a full court, the Court shall hand down its decision forthwith, setting all other matters aside. Its decision shall be final and is binding on the high parties.

CONTOH PROPOSAL PENDIRIAN APOTEK PDF

6520.024. – Constitution d’Haiti du 29 mars 1987

The Haitian people proclaim this constitution in order to: Ensure their inalienable and imprescriptible rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; in conformity with the Act of Independence of and the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man of Constitute a socially just, economically free, and politically independent Haitian nation. Establish a strong and stable State, capable of protecting the country's values, traditions, sovereignty, independence and national vision. Implant democracy, which entails ideological pluralism and political rotation and affirm the inviolable rights of the Haitian people. Strengthen national unity by eliminating all discrimination between the urban and rural populations, by accepting the community of languages and culture and by recognizing the right to progress, information, education, health, employment and leisure for all citizens. Ensure the separation and the harmonious distribution of the powers of the State at the service of the fundamental interests and priorities of the Nation. Set up a system of government based on fundamental liberties, and the respect for human rights, social peace, economic equity, concerted action and participation of all the people in major decisions affecting the life of a nation, through effective decentralization.

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