The assassination has been described as an avenging of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in Singh is a well-known figure of the Indian independence movement. At the orphanage, Singh was administered the Sikh initiatory rites and received the name of Udham Singh. He passed his matriculation examination in and left the orphanage in
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The assassination has been described as an avenging of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in Singh is a well-known figure of the Indian independence movement.
At the orphanage, Singh was administered the Sikh initiatory rites and received the name of Udham Singh. He passed his matriculation examination in and left the orphanage in Protestors against the arrests were fired on by British troops, precipitating a riot during which British banks were burned and four Europeans were killed.
On 13 April, over twenty thousand unarmed protestors were assembled in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar. Singh and his friends from the orphanage were serving water to the crowd. Troops were dispatched to restore order after the riots, under the command of Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer. Dyer ordered his troops to fire without warning on the assembled crowd in Jallianwala Bagh.
Since the only exit was barred by soldiers, people tried to escape by climbing the park walls or jumping into a well for protection. An estimated people were killed and over 1, were wounded although that has been debated. Singh was deeply affected by the event. Revolutionary politics Singh became involved in revolutionary politics and was deeply influenced by Bhagat Singh and his revolutionary group. In , Singh became involved with the Ghadar Party, organizing Indians overseas towards overthrowing colonial rule.
In , he returned to India on orders from Bhagat Singh, bringing 25 associates as well as revolvers and ammunition. Soon after, he was arrested for possession of unlicensed arms. Revolvers, ammunition, and copies of a prohibited Ghadar Party paper called "Ghadr-i-Gunj" "Voice of Revolt" were confiscated. He was prosecuted and sentenced to five years in prison.
Upon his release from prison in , Singh's movements were under constant surveillance by the Punjab police. He made his way to Kashmir, where he was able to evade the police and escape to Germany.
Singh concealed his revolver in his jacket pocket which he received from Puran Singh Boughan from Malsian, Punjab , entered the hall, and found an open seat.
As the meeting concluded, Singh shot O'Dwyer twice as he moved towards the speaking platform, killing him immediately. Singh did not attempt to flee and was arrested on site.
While awaiting trial in Brixton Prison, Singh went on a day hunger strike and had to be forcibly fed.
When asked about his motivation, Singh explained:. I did it because I had a grudge against him. He deserved it. He was the real culprit.
He wanted to crush the spirit of my people, so I have crushed him. For full 21 years, I have been trying to wreak vengeance. I am happy that I have done the job. I am not scared of death.
I am dying for my country. I have seen my people starving in India under the British rule. I have protested against this, it was my duty. What a greater honour could be bestowed on me than death for the sake of my motherland?
Singh was convicted and sentenced to death. On 31 July , Singh was hanged at Pentonville Prison and buried within the prison grounds. Reactions Many Indians regarded Singh's action as justified and an important step in India's struggle to end British colonial rule. In press statements, Mahatma Gandhi condemned the 10 Caxton Hall shooting saying, "the outrage has caused me deep pain.
I regard it as an act of insanity I hope this will not be allowed to affect political judgement. Pt Jawaharlal Nehru wrote in The National Herald , "[The] assassination is regretted but it is earnestly hoped that it will not have far-reaching repercussions on [the] political future of India.
In April , at the Annual Session of the All India Congress Committee held in commemoration of 21st anniversary of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, the youth wing of the Indian National Congress Party displayed revolutionary slogans in support of Singh, applauding his action as patriotic and heroic. Singh had some support from the international press. The Times of London called him a "fighter for freedom", his actions "an expression of the pent-up fury of the downtrodden Indian people.
In , Nehru reversed his stance and applauded Singh with the following published statement: "I salute Shaheed-i-Azam Udham Singh with reverence who had kissed the noose so that we may be free. Udham Singh was later cremated in his birthplace of Sunam in Punjab and his ashes were scattered in the Sutlej river. Some part of his ashes are kept in sealed urn at Jallianwala Bagh as well. A museum dedicated to Singh is located in Amritsar, near Jallianwala Bagh. Singh's weapon, a knife, his diary, and a bullet from the shooting are kept in the Black Museum of Scotland Yard.
Udham Singh Nagar district in Uttarakhand is named after Singh. Singh is the subject of the track "Assassin" by Asian Dub Foundation. Biography Lists Also Viewed. Trial and execution. Activism Military.
Forgotten Hero: The Untold Story of The Freedom Fighter Who Avenged the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
D usk was falling on March 13, Among the attendees was a Indian man named Udham Singh. Photo Source. Having lost his parents at an early age, he and his elder brother were taken in by an orphanage in Amritsar. At that time, Punjab was witness to intense political turmoil and Singh grew up observing the changes taking place around him. The year was and popular resentment against the British had been building up in Punjab due to their ruthless recruitment of soldiers as well as forced contributions to the funds for World War I.
Jump to navigation. Shaheed Udham Singh was a well-known freedom fighter from Punjab. Dwyer's assassination on March 13, , was carried out as a revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Shaheed Udham Singh: The man who single-handedly avenged Jallianwala Bagh massacre Singh is best known for carrying out an assassination as a revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in
Shaheed Udham Singh: The man who single-handedly avenged Jallianwala Bagh massacre
Shaheed Udham Singh 26 December — 31 July , was a revolutionary belonging to the Ghadar Party best known for his assassination in London of Michael O'Dwyer , the former lieutenant governor of the Punjab in India , on 13 March The assassination was in revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in for which O'Dwyer was responsible. While in custody, he used the name Ram Mohammad Singh Azad , which represents the three major religions of Punjab and his anti-colonial sentiment. Shaheed Sardar Udham Singh is a well-known figure of the Indian independence movement. A district Udham Singh Nagar of Uttarakhand was named after him to pay homage in October by the then Mayawati government. At the orphanage, Singh was administered the Sikh initiatory rites and received the name of Udham Singh. He passed his matriculation examination in and left the orphanage in
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