Analyzing search terms Lei 90 Planalto, we list the most popular A-Z keywords. Using these keyword data and image resources can not only effectively guide your work and study, but also provide high-quality resource entry for you when writing articles, posting blogs, designing ads and other online advertising campaigns. Lei 90 Planalto — 5, related keywords. The section regarding the Legislative Branch, which includes the State Court of Audit, is entirely available. A activation email has been sent to you.

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Doing Legal Research in Brazil. By Edilenice Passos. Edilenice Passos is a fully trained librarian and she earned her Master's Degree in She currently works at the Research Service of the Brazilian Senate as the head of the sector in charge of gathering background information for the consultants.

Edilenice has written five books and published several articles. In addition to her regular duties, she is the Infolegis discussion list moderator. This list connects librarians, lawyers, and other professionals in order to share legal information.

Published February Read the Update! Update to an article previously published on LLRX. General Data about Brazil. Separation of Powers. Brazilian Judicial System. Control of Constitutionality. Brazilian Legislative System. The Making of Laws. Legislative Systems in the States and Municipalities. Mato Grosso. Minas Gerais. Rio Grande do Norte. Rio Grande do Sul. Santa Catarina. Law Schools. Undergraduate Courses. Graduate Courses. Law Societies and Bar Associations.

Associations of Lawyers, Judges, and Prosecutors. Brazilian Legal Publishing Houses. Non-governmental sites. Government sites. New Civil Code. Topic Search. Science and Technology. Foreign Trade.

Children and Adolescents. Consumer Rights. Social Security. Radio Broadcasting. Land Reform. Bibliographic References. Bibliographic References for Books. Bibliographic References for Articles in Periodicals.

Bibliographic References for Codes. Bibliographic References for Laws, Decrees, Directives, etc. Citations and Quotations. Citation Format Rules. Citation of Federal Constitution.

Code Citation. Legal Citation. Citation Sentences from Books and Periodicals. The Brazilian legal system shows a prolific production of juridical information, either descriptive doctrine , or mostly normative legislation , as if it were possible to improve or solve the problems of society by means of an increasing number of laws.

It is not a surprise that many such laws are forgotten or simply ignored. The proliferation of normative acts, of higher or lower hierarchy, eventually causes total chaos, for this big mass of juridical documents hampers the work of lawyers, researchers, and of the very citizens, who are ruled by Brazilian laws.

It is right to state that this situation remains unchanged in The excessive number of laws is not the only big problem in the corpus of Brazilian laws. In an attempt to modify this panorama, the Federal Constitution, in the sole paragraph of article 59, foresaw the need to issue standards for the preparation, drafting, amendment, and consolidation of laws.

To fulfill this constitutional provision, the National Congress passed Supplementary Law no. The Legislative Consolidation Program, headed by the Executive Branch, aims at the consolidation of rules which have an identical, analogous, or related object, so as to eliminate possible divergences, conflicts, or repetitions, and, therefore, convey unity, simplicity, and coherence to the body of Brazilian federal legislation.

With a view to implementing this process in the sphere of the Executive Branch, the Federal Government issued Decree no. As a consequence of this big mass of juridical documents, several publications have already appeared to try to organize, compile, or interpret the legislation of Brazil, thus making the Brazilian editorial market of legal works a very profitable and prolific one.

Many new publications do not go beyond the first few issues, but some commercial publishers and their publications are traditional, like Revista Forense, published by Editora Forense and in circulation without interruption since , and Revista dos Tribunais , published by a publishing house under the same name, in circulation since With the advent of the Internet, publishing houses have found a new mode to offer their services.

This is so true that lawyers are increasingly connected to the virtual world, thus becoming the most frequent professional category in the Net.

At an incredible pace, juridical sites have appeared that offer databases containing doctrine, full texts of rules and former court rules, a lawsuit tracking system, legal news, and information about public competitive examinations. Reference Works:. WALD, Arnoldo. Republic is the form of government of the Brazilian State, with representatives elected to serve temporary terms of office by means of direct periodical elections.

It is a decentralized Federative state, characterized by the indissolubility of the Union. Presidentialism is the system of government. The Vice-President, who must also fulfill the above-mentioned requirements, replaces the President on a temporary basis in the event of impediment, and succeeds him in the event of vacancy.

In the event of impediment of the Vice-President, the following will be called successively to take office: i the President of the Chamber of Deputies, ii the President of the Federal Senate, and iii the President of the Supreme Federal Court.

However, in the event of simultaneous vacancies, the acting President shall organize new elections, to be held within 90 ninety days after the occurrence of the last vacancy. In any of the cases, the purpose shall always be that of completing the term of office of the predecessors. The election of the President and of the Vice-President shall take place simultaneously on the first Sunday of October, in the first round, and on the last Sunday of October, in the second round, if no candidate has obtained the absolute majority of valid votes in the first round of voting.

Democracy is the political system of the Federative Republic of Brazil. The executive, the legislative, and the judicial branches, independent and harmonious among themselves, integrate the Union. A Brazilian national article 12 of the Federal Constitution can be native-born or naturalized.

As regards nationality, Brazil adopts primarily jus solis , but it also accepts, in several circumstances, jus sanguinis in the first degree. Therefore, the following are native-born Brazilians:.

The following are naturalized Brazilians, provided that they apply for it:. In the Brazilian legal system, the supreme rule is the Federal Constitution. The current one was promulgated on October 5, , and is characterized by its written rigid form.

However, the states have powers to organize themselves and to be ruled by their own Constitutions and by laws that they may adopt. Their autonomy is limited by the principles established in the Federal Constitution.

The autonomy of the States of the Federation is restricted, as are all powers that are explicitly or implicitly not forbidden by the Federal Constitution.

There is a legal system of a national scope, effective all over the country, and there are legal systems of a state scope, exclusive of each State of the Federation. However, in both cases the supremacy of the Federal Constitution is undoubtedly an imperative, indisputable matter. Municipalities, eadem ratione , also enjoy restricted autonomies. Their legislation must also follow the dictates of the Constitution of the State to which they belong, and, consequently, those of the Federal Constitution itself.

Reference Work. Rio de Janeiro : Lumen Juris, Under the terms of article 92 of the Federal Constitution, the following are the bodies of the Brazilian Judicial Branch:. Among the bodies of the Judicial Branch, special emphasis should be given to the Supreme Federal Court, the Higher Court of Justice, and the Higher Courts, since their jurisdiction covers the entire territory.

The Judicial Branch is empowered with administrative and financial autonomy. The judges in the various courts enjoy the guarantees of life tenure, irremovability, and irreducibility of compensation, as provided by article 95 of the constitutional text. The same guarantees are conferred to the Prosecutors for the Public Interest, pursuant to item I of paragraph 5 of article Supreme Federal Court. Eleven Justices chosen from among citizens over 35 and under 65 years of age, of notable juridical learning and spotless reputation.

Appointed by the President of the Republic, after their nomination has been approved by the absolute majority of the Federal Senate. Responsible, essentially, for safeguarding the Constitution.





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