Kanhoji fought against the British , Dutch and Portuguese naval interests on the coasts of India during the 18th century. Despite the attempts of the British and Portuguese to subdue Angre, he remained undefeated until his death. Angre was born in the village of Angarwadi, six miles from Pune in the Maval Hills in the year of His surname "Angre" is derived from Angarwadi; the family's original name was Sankpal, and the family members before Kanhoji were known as Sankpals.
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Kanhoji fought against the British , Dutch and Portuguese naval interests on the coasts of India during the 18th century. Despite the attempts of the British and Portuguese to subdue Angre, he remained undefeated until his death.
Angre was born in the village of Angarwadi, six miles from Pune in the Maval Hills in the year of His surname "Angre" is derived from Angarwadi; the family's original name was Sankpal, and the family members before Kanhoji were known as Sankpals.
According to British opinions, he was ethnically of Siddi East African descent. According to the Portuguese, he was originally from a Koli caste. And according to Maratha literature, a Maratha. Dighe, in , cites G. Sardesai 's Selections from the Peshwa Daftar , and calls them "blue-blood Marathas" who "would spurn to marry in families lower than those of Deshmukhs, Jadhavs, Jagtaps and Shitoles.
Sharma seem to agree with the Portuguese opinions and believe him to have been a "Maratha Koli captain". Angre's mother was Ambabai and his father, Tukoji, served at Suvarnadurg under Shivaji with a command of posts. He spent much of his childhood in the Suvarnadurg Fort, where he would later become the governor. Kanhoji started his career by attacking merchant ships of the British East India Company and slowly gained respect from all the colonial powers.
In , he abducted a merchant vessel from Calicut with six English sailors and took it to his harbor. This was partly to appease Angre who supported the other ruler, Tarabai , who claimed the Maratha throne. As per agreement, Angre became head of the Maratha Navy. When the Maratha empire was weak, Angre became more and more independent and in , an army was sent headed by Peshwa Bahiroji Pingale to control Angre, but Angre won the battle and captured and held Bahiroji Pingale as his prisoner.
In , Angre captured the vessel Charlotte along its owner, a merchant named Curgenven who had been bound to China from Surat. Angre employed Europeans, generally Dutch, to command his best vessels. Kanhoji intensified the attacks on naval powers like Great Britain and Portugal on the western coast of India. On 4 November , his navy even succeeded in capturing the armed yacht Algerine of the British President of Bombay, William Aislabie , killing the chief of their Karwar factory, Thomas Chown, and making his wife a prisoner, not releasing the captured yacht and the lady until 13 February for a ransom of 30, Rupees.
Angre eventually signed a treaty with the East India Company President Aislabie to stop harassing the Company's fleet. Aislabie would eventually return to England during October Instead of succeeding, in Angre captured three ships belonging to the British leaving them to claim that he is a pirate. The British launched a fresh campaign in , when shells from floating batteries burst in vain against the rocks of Vijaydurg fort. The attempt to land inside the fort ended in disaster, and the British squadron soon retired to Bombay.
This fleet consisted of 6, soldiers in no less than four of the European's largest Man of war class ships led by Commander Thomas Mathews. Aided by Maratha warriors including Mendhaji Bhatkar and his navy, Angre continued to harass and plunder the European ships. Commander Matthews returned to Great Britain, but was accused and convicted of trading with the pirates in December After Boone's departure, relative calm prevailed between the British and Angre, until Angre's death in After Kanhoji, his son Sekhoji continued Maratha exploits at sea till his death in After Sekhoji's death, Angre's holdings were split between two brothers, Sambhaji and Manaji, because of divisions in the family.
With the Marathas neglecting naval concerns, the British soon found it easier to defeat the remnants of the kingdom. Three seals have been known to be used by Sarkhel Kanhoji Angre. One during the reign of Chhatrapati Rajaram, and two during the reign of Chhatrapati Shahu.
Kanhoji Angre stands as one of the most notable admirals of the Maratha Navy who offered significant competition and damage to the prestige of the colonial powers. Kanhoji is credited with the foresight that a Blue Water Navy 's ultimate and strategic role is to keep the enemy engaged far from the shores of the homeland. At one time, Kanhoji was so successful that he attracted enterprising Europeans in his fleet as mercenaries, including one Dutchman , whom he appointed to the rank of Commodore.
At the height of his power, Kanhoji commanded hundreds of warships and thousands of sailors at a time when the Royal Navy had little in the way of naval resources in far-away India that could significantly offset the growing strength of the Maratha Navy.
Kanhoji's harassment of British commercial interests who hence called him a pirate and the Battle of Swally led them to establish a small naval force that eventually became the modern Indian Navy. The descendants of Angres continued to hold Kolaba till the s and in , it was annexed to British East India Company as per a despatch to Governor General of Bombay dated 30 December Chandrojirao Angre, a descendant of Kanhoji Angre and a contemporary Jijabai of same family supported the publication of History of the Angres in at Alibag Mumbai.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Asia Publishing House. Brill Leiden, Netherlands. Dighe In Ramesh Chandra Majumdar ed. The founding of Maratha freedom. Orient Longman. The forts of India. New Delhi: Northern Book centre. Retrieved 12 December New York: Routledge. The Times of India. The Times of India epaper. Archived from the original on 6 July Deccan Gymkhana, Pune - 4: Utkarsh Publication.
Deccan Gymkhana, Pune Utkarsh Publication. Mumbai: The Gazetteers Dept. Archived from the original on 1 October Global security. Retrieved 13 December Maratha Empire.
Ramchandra Pant Amatya. Indian Independence Movement. Bhaktavatsalam M. Chidamabaram V. Hidden categories: All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from December Articles with permanently dead external links CS1 maint: location Use Indian English from September All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with unsourced statements from December Commons category link is on Wikidata Use dmy dates from June Namespaces Article Talk.
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Sarkhel Kanhoji Angre : The Admiral of the Great Maratha Navy
In a significant boost to tourism and sailing activities around Mumbai, the Central government has given its approval to develop Kanhoji Angre Island, 23 km into the sea from Gateway of India, into a new tourist hotspot. The project will see an investment of Rs 50 crore. Kanhoji fought against British, Dutch and Portuguese naval interests on the coasts of India during the 18th century and kept their expansion under check. Most cases have been traced to a sailor who tested positive on April 7. Even as most migrant workers have been denied inter-state travel during the ongoing lockdown, a livestock cargo of nearly 5, goats and sheep were recently put in trucks at Rajasthan and transported to Angre port in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra, to be exported to Gulf for slaughter. For years, the Kanhoji Angre Island Lighthouse has guided seafarers to safety and even today, after the decline of Bombay harbour, it helps fishing vessels navigate the treacherous rocks around the island.
The King of Indian Sea
Even if the Portuguese, British or Dutch entered the country, he might not have risen arms against them, but then the Portuguese tried to dominate over the sovereignty of the Maratha empire. So far, Indian emperors had considered the sea to be a base only for trade, but now, as foreign powers were entering the country on their ships, the need to strengthen the naval branch of the military was paramount. In the Konkan region of the then Maratha empire, Kanhoji Angre was the man for the job. He was the Admiral who had defeated the Dutch, the British and the Portuguese until his last breath, and defended the sovereignty of the Maratha rulers. Even as Shivaji Maharaj Bhonsle, the Maratha king who ruled the Deccan areas of India, focused his dominance on the interior parts of India, his farsightedness had ensured a military base, albeit a small one, along the Konkan regions of Maharashtra.
Mumbai to soon get a new tourist spot: Kanhoji Angre Island
Kanhoji Angre occupies a unique position in the history of Bharat and in the annals of Arabian sea history. For four decades a terror to the maritime powers of the western coast, he led his sailors from victory to victory and raised the naval prestige of Maharashtra to an unprecedented height. Today largely forgotten, Angria founded a dynasty in the late s that became the main obstacle to the rise of the English East India Company EIC as a hegemonic power in the Bombay region. The Company tried to suppress the maritime depredations of the powerful Angrias for more than fifty years, yet to no avail. The fishermen community on the western coast who knew the sea-coast like the palms of their hands and who were born seamen provided excellent material for the Maratha navy. Angria stands as a prominent figure that fought successfully against three European and several indigenous powers for over half a century. As a result Angria has become a defender of indigenous sovereignty and been adopted as an early figure of resistance to colonial incursion.