Marcus Garvey is regarded as the leader of the largest organized mass movement in black history and the progenitor of the modern Black Is Beautiful revival that reached its apogee in the s and s in the United States. Although there is today of plethora of scholarly research for students to draw upon, the problem of interpreting Garvey and his movement is still as challenging as it ever was. And yet simply collecting more and more data might not provide answers to the questions that people have always asked. Was Garvey sincere? Did Garvey, in his espousal of the repatriation of blacks to Africa, forsake the rights of African Americans in America? Perhaps it is the way the questions have been framed that constitutes a major part of the problem.
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Garvey and Garveyism. Amy Jacques Garvey. Amy Jacques Garvey worked closely with her husband, Marcus Garvey, throughout his crusade. Here she gives an insider detailed account of Garvey, Garveyism, and this nascent period of Black Nationalism. Like all great dreamers and planners, Marcus Garvey dreamed and planned ahead of his time and his peoples' ability to understand the significance of his life's work.
A set of circumstances, mostly created by the world colonial powers, crushed this dreamer, but not his dreams. Due to the persistence and years of sacrifice of Mrs. Amy Jacques Garvey, widow of Marcus Garvey, a large body of work by and about this great nationalist leader has been preserved and can be made available to a new generation of black people who have the power to turn his dreams into realities.
She married Garvey in and provided key leadership for the UNIA during his imprisonment and later expulsion from the United States. Following his death in , Mrs. Garvey, then living in Jamaica, raised their two sons, Marcus, Jr. In addition to preserving critical documents on the Garvey movement, she authored essential books on Marcus Garvey and the movement he led, including The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey, Garvey and Garveyism, and Black Power in America.
Writing as a participant and confidant, Amy Jacques Garvey's perspective continues to provide an intimate and first-person narrative of the Garvey movement and this important nascent period of Black Nationalism. John Henrik Clarke published over 50 short stories in the United States and abroad. His articles and conference papers on African and African American history and culture have been published in leading journals throughout the world.
He served as a staff member of five different publications and was the co-founder and associate editor of the Harlem Quarterly He is a cardiothoracic and vascular surgeon. He lives in Sea Cliff, NY. John Henrik Clarke , Julius Garvey.
Garvey advanced a Pan-African philosophy which inspired a global mass movement, known as Garveyism. Garveyism would eventually inspire others, from the Nation of Islam to the Rastafari movement. Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr. Ann's Bay, Jamaica. In the United States, he launched several businesses to promote a separate black nation.
Garvey and Garveyism
Garvey put forward his dreams in response to the marginalization and discrimination of African Americans in the United States and the Caribbean at the time with the hopes of inspiring black Americans to proactively establish infrastructure, institutions and local economies rather than expecting such from the heavily prejudiced post-reconstruction American government. The movement had a major impact in stimulating and shaping black politics in the Caribbean and in parts of Africa. Garvey was fought by the African-American establishment in the United States. An investigation by the Justice Department, directed by J. Edgar Hoover , led to Garvey's arrest on charges of mail fraud in January , and his projects collapsed.
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Marcus Garvey, "The Negro Moses"
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. Ideologically a black nationalist and Pan-Africanist , his ideas came to be known as Garveyism. Garvey was born to a moderately prosperous Afro-Jamaican family in Saint Ann's Bay , Colony of Jamaica and apprenticed into the print trade as a teenager. Working in Kingston, he became involved in trade unionism before living briefly in Costa Rica, Panama, and England.