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Nursing Knowledge: The Ways of Knowing

The core issue in nursing is man within his entirety. Method and material: In this paper the four patterns of knowing according to Carper will be analysed. According to these patterns, a description of the meaning and strategies of " knowing the patient will be made. Finally the significance and value of it will be discussed, with specific referance to: skilled clinical judgement, involvement, patient advocacy, and clinical learning about larger populations. Patterns of responses are essential components for problem solving. Conclusions: The process of knowing the patient appears to be an integration of the four patterns that Carper identified. Moreover, knowing the patient was found important for clinical judgement personal involvement, patient advocacy and clinical learning.


Carper's fundamental ways of knowing

Patterns of Knowing — this is the initial work that has prompted widespread exploration of the nature of knowing in nursing. Fundamental Patterns of Knowing as depicted in Chinn, P. Knowledge Development in Nursing: Theory and Process 10th ed. St Louis: Elsevier.


Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing

In healthcare , Carper's fundamental ways of knowing is a typology that attempts to classify the different sources from which knowledge and beliefs in professional practice originally specifically nursing can be or have been derived. It was proposed by Barbara A. The emphasis on different ways of knowing is presented as a tool for generating clearer and more complete thinking and learning about experiences, and broader self-integration of classroom education. As such it helped crystallize Johns' framework for reflective investigation to develop reflective practice. The typology has been seen as leading a reaction against over-emphasis on just empirically derived knowledge, so called "scientific nursing", by emphasising that attitudes and actions that are perhaps more personal and more intuitive are centrally important too, and equally fit for discussion. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Personal Knowledge and attitudes derived from personal self-understanding and empathy , including imagining one's self in the patient's position.

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