Given the attitudes and schadenfreude towards competitors in today's sports fan behavior, it is critical for managers to understand fans in terms of empathy and sympathy phenomenon. Therefore, understanding the influence of empathy and sympathy on team or fan identification has been one of the most important determinants of sports marketing. The purpose of this study is to understand the role of empathy and sympathy on team identity and the relationship between them and to reveal the fact that how the demographics of the fans influence their level of fan and level of watching team matches. The current study involved a quantitative research methodology employing a questionnaire containing three parts. The first part of the questionnaire included scale AMES- twelve items relating empathy and sympathy, developed from Vossen et al. The scale of team identification six items in the second part was adapted from Gwinner and Swanson

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Cited by 2 Abstract Objective: Empathy plays an important role in the development of social behaviors of adolescents. For children and adolescents to continue their normal development, it is important to determine their empathic and sympathetic tendency levels and to perform appropriate interventions. In order to measure the level of empathy and sympathy, current Turkish measurement tools were not found in the literature. Methods: The study was conducted with students studying in high school within the boundaries of Sakarya Metropolitan Municipality.

In the first phase, language equivalence, exploratory factor analysis, the internal consistency, and test-retest reliability were employed. The next phase, confirmatory factor analysis and concurrent validity were employed.

Results: Along with the explanatory factor analysis, it was observed that 12 items were divided into 3 factors as a result of the content validity and that the loads of all factors were above 0. Discussion: This study shows that the AMES is a reliable and valid measurement tool of empathy and sympathy for Turkish adolescents.

It provides a significant advantage compared to existing measurement tools by distinguishing affective empathy, cognitive empathy and sympathy. It can also make an important contribution to future studies on the role of empathy and sympathy in adolescent behavior. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg , 19 2 , Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry , 19 2 , Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.

Subject to change without notice from or liability to Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry. ISSN Contact Reviewer Login Home. Toggle navigation. Abstract Objective: Empathy plays an important role in the development of social behaviors of adolescents. How to cite this article. Year: , Volume: 19, Issue: 2: DOI: PDF Fulltext. Citation Tools. For best results, please use Internet Explorer or Google Chrome. Contact Information Prof.


Empati ve Sempati : Farki Fark Etmek Icin

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