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Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education. Insufficiently studied as a distinct historical period, Late Antiquity on the territory of our country is generally placed in the period of Antiquity. It is the end of Antiquity, the beginning of the Middle Ages - it is in general the vision of foreign researchers over such a period all around the world. But, unfortunately, in our country, this age did not receive the required attention which should have been paid to such a moment of transition from one major historical time to another, this is a very important step especially in the case of art.
This period is unjustly marginalized by most historians, Late Antiquity is a time of transition whose time limits are difficult to establish and we need to take into account the unknown geographic borders and the events that took place during that time; moreover, one should not forget that the known events are still waiting for the right moment to be re-evaluated. The appearance of the values of the following period, the Middle Ages, the transformations that will appear at an artistic level, step by step transformed from an imperial propaganda tool into a religious and ''local" one, the need of a larger classification of these periods which were at their blooming, all these justify the place that we are trying to find for a temporal area which is not studied in our country as an individual epoch.
Thus, we are dealing with a historical period which can be considered independent up to the specific extent to which such a transition period can be individualized; outside the borders of our country, this phenomenon has always oscillated between the last bursts of the ancient and the first medieval materialization, between the process of Romanization and that of Christianization. A period which, from an artistic point of view, is characterized by permanent search, being affected by continuous political turmoil which amplify the complexity of approaching this moment which cannot be reduced to established formulae.
On the territory of Romania, we consider that we can speak about late-ancient architecture and art only starting with the reign of the Severs A. Starting with Late Antiquity, we are on the territory of an art in which classical tradition meets the Christian one more and more often, there are sure proofs regarding Paleo-Christian artifacts starting with the 4th century A.
The art of Late Antiquity on the territory of Romania is an art whose ''local" facies has a double basis - the one of Dacia and of Scythia Minor -, but we refer to an area where cultural and civilization trends have crossed roads which can be considered diverse.
The Roman and Greek influences contribue to the appearance of a provincial art which will assimilate some borrowed models whose analogies can be found in the arts of other peoples of that time, but whose creativity and originality will manifest themselves in the interpretation of these according to their own artistic visions, in form and decoration.
For the Romans - who were excellent administrators and organizers - architecture was the main art, all the others domains branch out of it. Being imposed by the requirements of public and state life, it started to dominate by its elegance and and exquisiteness, by its contrivance and the diversity of buildings, in order to inspire the feeling of grandeur and authority which has always been a characteristic of this nation.
Having as purpose supremacy over the world and the increase of their own importance - therefore a political commitment -, the Roman rulers of the city, but also the emperor started building public places, they also organized the existent fortresses and they built new ones in order to spread the Roman specificity everywhere, according to the urban model of Rome.
An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while. Read preview. Read preview Overview. DuBruck; Barbara I. Gusick Peter Lang, The Catholic Historical Review, Vol. Pounds Byzantine art and architecture The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.
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