ARTHUR KOESTLER THIRTEENTH TRIBE PDF

His premise, that the bulk of European Jewry, the Ashkenazim, are genetically the descendants of the This book traces the history of the ancient Khazar Empire, a major but almost forgotten power in Eastern Europe, which in A. I think I read this 30 years back but it makes Arthur Koestler. This book traces the history of the ancient Khazar Empire, a major but almost forgotten power in Eastern Europe, which in the Dark Ages became converted to Judaism. Khazaria was finally wiped out by the forces of Genghis Khan, but evidence indicates that the Khazars themselves migrated to Poland and formed the cradle of Western Jewry.

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Uh-oh, it looks like your Internet Explorer is out of date. For a better shopping experience, please upgrade now. Javascript is not enabled in your browser. Enabling JavaScript in your browser will allow you to experience all the features of our site. Learn how to enable JavaScript on your browser. This book traces the history of the ancient Khazar Empire, a major but almost forgotten power in Eastern Europe, which in the Dark Ages became converted to Judaism.

Khazaria was finally wiped out by the forces of Genghis Khan, but evidence indicates that the Khazars themselves migrated to Poland and formed the cradle of Western Jewry.

To the general reader the Khazars, who flourished from the 7th to 11th century, may seem infinitely remote today. Yet they have a close and unexpected bearing on our world, which emerges as Koestler recounts the fascinating history of the ancient Khazar Empire.

At about the time that Charlemagne was Emperor in the West. Thereafter the Khazars found themselves in a precarious position between the two major world powers: the Eastern Roman Empire in Byzantium and the triumphant followers of Mohammed. As Koestler points out, the Khazars were the Third World of their day. They chose a surprising method of resisting both the Western pressure to become Christian and the Eastern to adopt Islam. Rejecting both, they converted to Judaism.

Koestler speculates about the ultimate faith of the Khazars and their impact on the racial composition and social heritage of modern Jewry. Shop 1 Books 2. Add to Wishlist. Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Members save with free shipping everyday! See details. Product Details. Related Searches. View Product. Buio a mezzogiorno. Mosca, anni Trenta. Ma il destino porta anche lui sul banco degli imputati, vittima dello stesso aberrante trattamento che fino a poco prima era lui Darkness at Noon.

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The Thirteenth Tribe: The Khazar Empire and its Heritage

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The Thirteenth Tribe

Interesting Popularization of Some Scholarly Opinion Koestler wrote an intriguing, popularized account in this book of the theory that many of today's Jews mostly those of Eastern European descent are of non-Semitic origin. Essentially the book recounts the tale of the Khazars, a middle Asian Turkic tribe or tribal group which settled in the southern steppes of what is today's Russia, during the seventh and eighth centuries, and adopted Judaism in reaction to the conflicting demands of nearby 'great powers' espousing Christianity and Islam and concludes that this event, which seems to be historically documented, explains the significant presence of Jews in Eastern Europe at the end of the Middle Ages since extant records do not show them arriving from the Mediterranean world in ancient times. This theory is a quite rational one though it poses problems for Orthodox Jewry since the premise of the faith depends so much though not exclusively on the historical link to Abraham, a Semite. Complicating the matter is the suspicion that the Khazar conversion may not have been a 'kosher' one, thereby raising further questions re: what it means to be a Jew.

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The Thirteenth Tribe : The Khazar Empire and Its Heritage

The Khazar Empire and Its Heritage. By Arthur Koestler. New York: Random House. There are few more fertile fields for controversy than the ethnic background and makeup of European Russia, though for true connoisseurs of academic mayhem I can also strongly recommend the Caucasus. In his latest book Arthur Koestler plunges into both these professorial battlegrounds with great courage and an astonishing measure of success. Aided by much careful research and a penetrating intelligence, he successfully dispels the prevailing aura of scientific and ideological humbug and emerges from the fray with a new, tenable and highly intriguing theory.

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