ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI PDF

Abu Rayhan al-Biruni ca. His teacher in astronomy and mathematics was the eminent Abu Nasr Mansur, a member of the family then ruling at Kath. Al-Biruni made several observations with a meridian ring at Kath in his youth. In the attack on the ruler of Khwarizm by the ruler of Jurjaniya drove al-Biruni into exile, presumably to Rayy, where he discussed with the astronomer al-Khujandi the latter's observations with a mural sextant. AlBiruni later wrote a treatise on this instrument and gave a detailed account of the observations in his Tahdid.

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Little is known of his early life. He even claims he never knew his father nor his family origins. He was engaged in science at an early age, publishing his first book on cartography when he was 22 years old. Like most scientists of the era, he was a polymath, excelling and writing about various topics from astrology and mathematics to geology and anthropology. Al-Biruni was born in a time of major political strife, several civil wars and ever changing princes ruling the land.

The book was not just a collection, however, with accurate input from Al-Biruni where he developed many new mathematical techniques to improve on the measurements from the previous astronomers.

He also used it to detail longitudes and latitudes on Earth and discussed the formation of mountains. Besides astronomy, Al-Biruni had many contributions to physics, where he unified statistics and dynamics in the science of mechanics. He was also an avid scholar of religions and studied several different ones objectively. He did not seem to disprove any, but to understand them all and the common themes that flow through them.

Less than one fifth of his books survived, the others lost along the years. Little is known of his personal life, but what is known is mostly found through his writings rather than stories about him.

Report this comment. Al Biruni was a great scientist. You need to log in or register to comment. He also used it to detail longitudes and latitudes on Earth and discussed the formation of mountains Besides astronomy, Al-Biruni had many contributions to physics, where he unified statistics and dynamics in the science of mechanics.

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ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI

Gbazna [? The town of his birth now bears his name. About his ancestry and childhood nothing is known. Four years later he had made plans to carry out a series of such determinations and had prepared a ring fifteen cubits in diameter, together with supplementary equipment.

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Abu Rayhan al-Biruni Facts

Little is known of his early life. He even claims he never knew his father nor his family origins. He was engaged in science at an early age, publishing his first book on cartography when he was 22 years old. Like most scientists of the era, he was a polymath, excelling and writing about various topics from astrology and mathematics to geology and anthropology. Al-Biruni was born in a time of major political strife, several civil wars and ever changing princes ruling the land.

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Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

He served more than six different princes, all of whom were known for their bellicose activities and a good number of whom met their ends in violent deaths. Nevertheless, he managed to become the most original polymath the Islamic world had ever known. Little is known of his early life. Of his own personal background even less is known. He said this in the context of demonstrating his total disgust with flattery, even when it was being directed at him. However, he lived well into his seventies, and, since some of his surviving works are not mentioned in this index, the index is a partial list at best. Adding all the titles in the index, as well as those found later, brings his total production to titles, each averaging about 90 folios.

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He has been variously called as the "founder of Indology ", "Father of Comparative Religion ", [8] [6] [9] [10] "Father of modern geodesy ", and the first anthropologist. Al-Biruni was well versed in physics , mathematics , astronomy , and natural sciences , and also distinguished himself as a historian , chronologist and linguist. In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greeks, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of philosophy. He spent much of his life in Ghazni , then capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty , in modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan. There he corresponded with Avicenna [24] and there are extant exchanges of views between these two scholars. There he wrote his first important work, al-Athar al-Baqqiya 'an al-Qorun al-Khaliyya literally: "The remaining traces of past centuries" and translated as "Chronology of ancient nations" or "Vestiges of the Past" on historical and scientific chronology, probably around A.

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